The health of Francophones in Ontario - A regional portrait

Research Report Round-up by Amy Kuhn

Report authors

Louise Bouchard, Maled Batal, Pascal Imbeault, Isabelle Gagnon-Arpin, Ewa Makandi and Golnaz Sedigh



What this report is about

The Office of Francophone Affairs of the Ministry of Health and Long-Tern Care awarded a research contract to construct a social and health profile of the Francophone population in Ontario. The data was collected from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). This report compares the health and lifestyles of the Francophone and Anglophone populations across the province as well as within the 6 major geographic regions: North West, North East, East, Centre East, Centre West and South West. The report is divided in 8 sections:
1) Sociodemographic profile of survey respondents – By comparison to the Anglophones, the Francophone population is older, less educated, less active in the job market, more highly concentrated in rural areas, composed of fewer immigrants, live alone or coupled with 1 child.
2) Physical and mental health - Throughout the province, the differences between Anglophones and Francophones in terms of physical and mental health concerns are negligible.
3) Lifestyles and behaviours – Lifestyle choices for both groups are similar across the province. 60% indicated they had made a positive lifestyle change to improve their health over the course of the 12 months preceding the survey.
4) Diagnosis and prevention – Compared to Anglophones, the Francophones are slightly less likely to undergo medical prevention and diagnosis tests. (i.e. mammograms, blood tests for prostate cancer etc…)
5) Health services and contact with health professionals – Overall 52% of Francophones admitted to speaking French with their family doctors. 70% in the East, 62% in the North East but only 25% in the Centre East. Compared to nearly 100% of Anglophones speaking English with their family doctors. The shortage of doctors in their region was mentioned by 20% of Francophones, 24% of Anglophones but by 50% of Francophones in the North East. 

6) Access and need of health services – Nearly 90% of Ontarians received some form of health service over the course of the 12 months preceding the survey and it varies very little between both groups.
7) Satisfaction with the Health Care System – In general, the Francophones are slightly more satisfied with services received than the Anglophones. For both groups, the satisfaction with hospital services is about 10% lower than satisfaction with health services received in general.
8) Social participation and community inclusion – Throughout the province, the feeling of community inclusion is weaker amongst Francophones than it is amongst Anglophones. 

How can this report be used

This report is useful for anyone wishing to address the health care needs of Ontarians, Anglophones as much as Francophones. It can serve as a useful tool in system health care planning and highlights possible routes of action.

Population addressed

Francophones in Ontario by comparison to anglophones

Type of study

Demographic profile


Ontario, francophones, research, health, conditions, population, profile, regional profile

Contact person/source

Organization: RRASFO (Réseau de recherche appliquée sur la santé des francophones de l’Ontario)
Telephone: 613.682.5800 x1642
Email: contact@rrasfo.ca


Report available in French only

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